True Affordability: Critiquing the International Housing Affordability Survey
This report critiques the Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey (IHAS). It identifies several problems with IHAS methods and recommendations. The Survey only considers a limited set of housing types, geographic areas and impacts, which biases its results to exaggerate the affordability of detached, urban-fringe housing and underestimate urban infill benefits. It blames housing unaffordability on urban containment regulations, although they are actually uncommon and less costly than regulations which limit affordable infill. It ignores many sprawl costs and Smart Growth benefits. It misrepresents key research. This indicates that the IHAS is propaganda, intended to support a political agenda rather than provide objective guidance. Although the IHAS information may be useful, it is important that users understand its omissions and biases.
Evaluating Public Transit Criticism: Systematic Analysis of Political Attacks on High Quality Transit and How Transportation Professionals Can Effectively Respond
High quality public transit can provide many benefits, including direct benefits to users and indirect benefits to other members of society. As a result, many communities are investing significant resources to improve transit services and encourage TOD. A small but vocal group of critics attack these efforts. Critics argue that transit service improvements attract few riders, provide few benefits, are not cost effective, and are unfair to low-income residents and motorists. Many of these arguments are based on inaccurate, incomplete or biased information. This report systematically evaluates these claims and describes appropriate responses.
A New Traffic Safety Paradigm
Despite large investments in safer vehicles, roads and traffic safety programs, traffic accidents continue to impose huge costs to individuals and society. New approaches are needed. A new traffic safety paradigm is changing how planning professionals measure traffic risks and evaluate potential safety strategies. It expands the range of potential traffic safety strategies to include multi-modal planning, transportation demand management, and Smart Growth policies.
Public Transportationís Impact on Rural and Small Towns: A Vital Mobility Link
This report by Todd Litman for the American Public Transportation Association
describes the important roles that public transit plays in small towns and rural communities, current trends that are increasing these demands, and responses to common rural transit myths. Public transit helps rural communities become more efficient and equitable by ensuring that all residents, including non-drivers, enjoy independent mobility. Serving these demands provides numerous benefits, many of which tend to be overlooked or undervalued in conventional transportation planning.
Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance in BC, Backgrounder
"Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD) insurance pricing is the best transportation policy reform youíve probably never heard of." This short report describes why and how to implement PAYD insurance pricing for affordability, safety and emission reductionís sake. This is a timely issue. The Insurance Corporation of British Columbia has applied for a 6.4% vehicle insurance rate increase
. As an intervener, Todd Litman can request information and provide testimony concerning how vehicle travel affects crash rates, and therefore the actuarial justification for PAYD pricing.
Determining Optimal Urban Expansion, Population and Vehicle Density, and Housing Types for Rapidly Growing Cities
This study by Todd Litman, published in Transportation Research Procedia examines the economic, social and environmental impacts of various urban development factors including urban expansion, population and vehicle density, housing type, roadway design and management, and recreation facility availability. This analysis indicates that to be efficient and equitable, cities should provide diverse and affordable housing and transport options.
Comparing Greenhouse Gas Reductions and Legal Implementation Possibilities for Pay-to-Save Transportation Price-shifting Strategies and EPAís Clean Power Plan
This paper by Allen Greenberg and John (Jay) Evans investigates the potential greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction impacts and benefits of a set of innovative, revenue-neutral transportation pricing reforms including pay-as-you-drive-and-you-save vehicle insurance, parking cash out, and the conversion of fixed state and local vehicle sales taxes into mileage-based taxes. These would give travelers significant financial incentives to reduce their annual mileage and provide various benefits. These strategies would reduce an estimated 140-257 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent annually, which is significant compared with other emission reduction strategies. This report identifies practical ways to implement these strategies.