Innovative Solutions
Updated November 2011
Guide To Calculating Mobility Management Benefits This Guide provides instructions for estimating the benefits of a specific Mobility Management (also called Transportation Demand Management or TDM) strategy or program.
Mobility Management Module This module of the Sustainable Transport: A Sourcebook For Policy Makers In Developing Countries, provides information on a variety of mobility management strategies that encourage more efficient use of transportation resources, including institutional reforms, transportation pricing changes, and land use management.
Win-Win Transportation Solutions This report describes Win-Win strategies, innovative policy reforms that help solve transportation problems by removing barriers and market distortions that encourage inefficient travel behavior.
Win-Win Emission Reductions This report describes smart transportation emission reduction strategies that can achieve Kyoto targets and provide other economic, social and environmental benefits.
Win-Win Evaluation Spreadsheet This spreadsheet calculates cumulative reductions in vehicle travel from a particular combination of Win-Win strategies, based on user inputs. It also includes a multi-criteria evaluation framework.
Smart Transportation Emission Reductions This report investigates methods for identifying optimal transportation energy conservation and emission reduction strategies, using a comprehensive evaluation framework.
Carbon Taxes: Tax What You Burn, Not What You Earn This report describes carbon taxes in general and the new British Columbia carbon tax in particular. It discusses carbon tax principles, identifies potential benefits and evaluates criticisms.
Safe Travels: Evaluating Mobility Management Safety Benefits This report investigates the safety impacts of mobility management, including reductions in automobile travel and shifts to alternative modes. Empirical evidence indicates that each percentage reduction in total vehicle mileage in an area reduces total crash costs by 1.0% to 1.4%. This analysis suggests that mobility management can be a cost effective traffic safety strategy, and increased safety is one of the largest potential benefits of mobility management.
If Health Matters: Integrating Public Health Objectives in Transportation Decision-Making This report investigates how transportation policy and planning practices would change if public health objectives were given a higher priority.
Economic Development Impacts of Transportation Demand Management This report examines the economic development impacts of TDM, including impacts on productivity, employment and business activity. This analysis suggests that TDM strategies can increase economic productivity and development, and are often better investments than alternatives such as highway expansion projects.
Pricing For Traffic Safety: How Efficient Transport Pricing Can Reduce Roadway Crash Risk This report evaluates the traffic safety impacts of transport pricing reforms including efficient road, parking, fuel and insurance pricing, and public transit fare reductions. This analysis indicates that such reforms can provide significant safety benefits. Crash reductions vary depending on the type of price change, the portion of vehicle travel affected, and the quality transport options available. If implemented to the degree justified for economic efficiency, these reforms are predicted to reduce traffic casualties by 40-60%. These benefits are often overlooked in policy analysis.
Introducing Spitsmijden: Experiments With Peak Avoidance Incentives In The Netherlands This paper by Stuart Donovan reviews Dutch experiments with peak-hour avoidance incentives, which are collectively referred to as “spitsmijden.� This research indicates how travelers respond to price incentives.
Distance-Based Charges; A Practical Strategy for More Optimal Vehicle Pricing Distance-based charges include mileage-based fees for road use, insurance and environmental impacts. This report evaluates these fees and compares them with current vehicle charges. This analysis indicates that distance-based pricing is feasible and can provide significant benefits to motorists and society.
Pay-As-You-Drive Pricing For Insurance Affordability This report describes Pay-As-You-Drive pricing and how it can increase vehicle insurance affordability.
Distance-Based Vehicle Insurance as a TDM Strategy Distance-based pricing means that insurance premiums are directly based on how much a vehicle is driven during the policy term. This report evaluates the benefits, costs and implementation requirements of several distance-based pricing options.
Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance: Recommendations for Implementation This report provides guidance for implementing Pay-As-You-Drive vehicle insurance. It describes PAYD pricing options, discusses PAYD benefits and costs, describes regulatory reforms, evaluates various objections to PAYD, and provides specific recommendations for PAYD implementation.
Pay-As-You-Drive Pricing in British Columbia: Backgrounder Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD) pricing is particularly appropriate in British Columbia because the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) insures all vehicles in the province and has a mandate to maximize social benefits. This report describes PAYD, its history in BC, and describes how it can help achieve provincial objectives.
Distance-Based Vehicle Insurance: Feasibility, Costs and Benefits - Comprehensive Technical Report This is the 82-page technical report to the report, Distance-Based Vehicle Insurance as a TDM Strategy. It provides detailed information on the relationships between annual vehicle mileage, crash rates and insurance claim costs, and their implications for efficient pricing. It evaluates different distance-based pricing options in terms of travel impacts, implementation costs, consumer impacts, equity, road safety, traffic congestion reduction and environmental quality.
Distance-Based Vehicle Insurance Feasibility, Appendices These are the appendices to Distance-Based Vehicle Insurance; Comprehensive Technical Report.
Pay-As-You-Drive Pricing and Insurance Regulatory Objectives This article and published in the Journal of Insurance Regulation, evaluates Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD) vehicle insurance according to regulatory objectives including including increased actuarial accuracy, increased insurance affordability, reduced uninsured driving, and reduced traffic accidents, plus reduced traffic congestion and pollution emissions.
Designing Pay-Per-Mile Auto Insurance Regulatory Incentives Using the NHTSA Light Truck CAFE Rule as a Model This paper, by Allen Greenberg describes the concept of Pay-As-You-Drive-And-You-Save (PAYDAYS) insurance, which converts premiums into distance-based fees, and evaluates its value based on the method used to develop new fuel economy rules for light trucks.
Costs and Benefits of Varying Per-Mile Insurance Premiums Based Upon Measured Risks Specific to Each Mile Driven This paper by Allen Greenberg evaluates various price structures for Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD) insurance based on actuarial accuracy and other public policy objectives such as reducing crashes and air pollution.
Issues In Sustainable Transportation This article, written by Todd Litman and David Burwell, and published in the International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, discusses issues related to the definition, evaluation and implementation of sustainable transportation.
Rethinking Malahat Solutions: or Or, Why Spend A Billion Dollars If A Five-Million Dollar Solution Is Better Overall? This report evaluates various options for addressing traffic problems on the Malahat highway corridor, north of Victoria, British Columbia.
Automobile Accidents, Tort Law, Externalities, and Insurance: An Economist's Critique This is a seminal article concerning traffic accident cost analysis and vehicle insurance pricing reform by Professor William Vickrey, winner of the 1996 Nobel Prize for economics. Three decades after its initial publication, the full importance of this article can be appreciated.
London Congestion Pricing: Implications for Other Cities Since February 2003 the city of London has charged a fee for driving private automobiles in its central area during weekdays. This has reduced traffic congestion, accidents and pollution emissions, and improved public transit service quality and walking conditions. The programs' success suggests that congestion pricing may become more feasible elsewhere.
Using Road Pricing Revenue: Economic Efficiency and Equity Considerations This report examines how economic efficiency, equity, external costs, and political feasibility can help determine the distribution of road pricing revenue. Originally published in Transportation Research Record 1558
Evaluating Carsharing Benefits Carsharing is a vehicle rental service with short-term pricing located in residential areas that is intended to substitute for private vehicle ownership. This report discusses various benefits to users and society from carsharing.
Carsharing: Establishing its Role in the Parking Demand Management Toolbox This masters thesis by Gina Filosa explores the concept of using carsharing as a parking demand management strategy, based on information gathered from three case studies. It provides recommendations for developing carsharing services and using them to reduce parking requirements.
First Resort; Resort Community Transportation Demand Management This report describes how TDM strategies are being used to address transportation problems in resort communities. It describes TDM strategies suitable for application in resort communities, and discusses TDM planning and implementation.
Pavement Buster's Guide The Pavement Busters Guide describes how current zoning laws and development practices result in excessive parking and roadway capacity, discusses the economic and environmental costs of excessive pavement, and describes practical ways to reduce the amount of land devoted to roads and parking facilities.
A Local Politician's Guide To Urban Transportation This guide, written by former Vancouver City Councilor Gordon Price, discusses transportation challenges facing local officials, and potential solutions.
Variable Work Hours: An Implementation Guide for Employers This document produced for the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality provides specific, practical advice for implementing variable work schedule (Flextime and Compressed Work Weeks).
My Greatest Challenge…The Clearwater Roundabout Charrette This short paper describes Dan Burden's experience dealing with a hostile crowd, and how his team won the community over with good communication and a positive vision. It is an excellent illustration of the obstacles and opportunities facing planners who must deal with public involvement.
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