TDM Resources

Publications and Websites


TDM Encyclopedia

Victoria Transport Policy Institute


Updated 29 September 2015

This chapter has information on publications and organizations that can help with Transportation Demand Management planning. More specific reference information is available for each individual TDM strategy.





ACCESS - Eurocities for a New Mobility Culture (
a local authority network aiming to promote a new mobility culture throughout Europe, in order to combat congestion, improve air quality

ACT (2004), The Role Of Demand-Side Strategies: Mitigating Traffic Congestion, Association for Commuter Transportation, for the Federal Highway Administration (


APA (2006), Smart Codes, American Planning Association ( These model ordinances and regulations reflect Smart Growth principles and planning objectives.


Association for Commuter Transportation ( is a non-profit organization supporting TDM programs.


Andrea Broaddus, Todd Litman and Gopinath Menon (2009), Training Document On "Transportation Demand Management, Sustainable Urban Transport Project ( and GTZ (


Sally Cairns, et al (2004), Smarter Choices - Changing the Way We Travel, UK Department for Transport (; at This comprehensive study provides detailed evaluation of the potential travel impacts and costs of various mobility management strategies. Includes numerous case studies.


CATSIP (California Active Transportation Safety Information Pages), Case Studies: Complete Streets (


CCAP (2005), Transportation Emissions Guidebook: Land Use, Transit & Transportation Demand Management, Center of Clean Air Policy ( This Guidebook provides information on various smart growth and mobility management strategies, including rules-of-thumb estimates of VMT and emission reductions.


CARB (2010-2011), Research on Impacts of Transportation and Land Use-Related Policies, California Air Resources Board (; at


Center for Transportation Excellence ( provide research materials, strategies and other resources for evaluating public transportation benefits.


Commuter Check ( works with transit agencies to provide transit vouchers as tax-exempt employee benefit.


Commuter Choice Webpage (, Federal Transit Administration.


Commuter Challenge Program ( provides businesses with expertise and support for Commute Trip Reduction programs.


Sisinnio Concas and Philip L. Winters (2007), Economics of Travel Demand Management: Comparative Cost Effectiveness and Public Investment, Center for Urban Transportation Research (, 2007; at


Comsis Corporation (1993), Implementing Effective Travel Demand Management Measures: Inventory of Measures and Synthesis of Experience, USDOT ( and Institute of Transportation Engineers (; at


John Cracknell (2004), Experience in Urban Traffic Management and Demand Management in Developing Countries, World Bank, Urban Transport Strategy Review ( 


CUTEP (2001), Guide to Transportation Benefit-Cost Analysis, Committee on Urban Transportation Economics and Policy (CUTEP) of the Urban Transportation Division, American Society of Civil Engineers (


Despacio and ITDP (2013), Practical Guidebook: Parking And Travel Demand Management Policies In Latin America, Despacio and Institute for Transportation and Development Policy ( for the InterAmerican Development Bank; at


DfT (2007), Making Personal Travel Planning Work: Research Report, Department for Transport (; at


DFID, Social Benefits in Transport Planning, UK Department for International Development (, includes various documents discussing methodologies for more comprehensive transportation project evaluation.


Rod Eddington (2006), The Case For Action: Sir Rod Eddington's Advice to Government- Transport’s Role in Sustaining the UK’s Productivity and Competitiveness, U.K. Treasury, Her Majesty’s Stationary Office (; at


European Program for Mobility Management (


FBC (2009), Transportation Demand Management: A Small and Mid-Size Communities Toolkit, Fraser Basin Council (; at


FHWA (2006), Managing Travel Demand: Applying European Perspectives to U.S. Practice, National Cooperative Highway Research Program; Federal Highway Administration (; at


FHWA (2012), Integrating Demand Management into the Transportation Planning  Process: A Desk Reference, Office of Operations, Federal Highway Administration (; at


FHWA, Management and Operations Toolbox, ( provides information and techniques for evaluating transportation systems management strategies.


FHWA, Toolbox for Regional Policy Analysis Website ( by the US Federal Highway Administration, describes analytical methods for evaluating regional economic, social and environmental impacts of various transportation and land use policies.


David J. Forkenbrock and Glen E. Weisbrod (2001), Guidebook for Assessing the Social and Economic Effects of Transportation Projects, NCHRP Report 456, Transportation Research Board, National Academy Press (


Lawrence Frank, Sarah Kavage and Todd Litman (2006), Promoting Public Health Through Smart Growth: Building Healthier Communities Through Transportation And Land Use Policies, Smart Growth BC (; at


Go Boulder (2007), Transportation Options Tool Kit, Go Boulder Program, City of Boulder, Colorado (; at


GTZ (2003), Sustainable Transportation: A Sourcebook for Policy-Makers in Developing Countries, (, by the Sustainable Urban Transport Project – Asia ( and Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit ( Many of these documents are now available in various languages including Spanish, French, Chinese, Indonesian, Romanian, Thai and Vietnamese. The Mobility Management module is at the VTPI website ( Preserving and Expanding the Role of Non-motorized Transport: Sustainable Transportation is at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy website (



ICF Consulting and CUTR (2005), Analyzing the Effectiveness of Commuter Benefits Programs, TCTP Report 107, Transportation Research Board (; at


ICLEI, Case Studies, (, Case Reference & Cities Database (, and European Good Practice Information Service “Local Sustainability” ( Extensive information on best practices by local governments and agencies, including many involving transportation and land use policies.


ICMA (2005), Creating a Regulatory Blueprint for Healthy Community Design: A Local Government Guide to Reforming Zoning and Land Development Codes, International City/County Management Association ( and Active Living By Design (


IISD, Sustainable Development Gateway, International Institute for Sustainable Development ( contains case studies and other resources developed by members of the Sustainable Development Communications Network (SDCN). Transportation studies, case studies, assessments, colloquia, etc. 21 titles link to the relevant sites. Covering over 50 topics, the SD Topics section includes links to more than 1,200 documents:


ITE (2003), Smart Growth Transportation Guidelines, Smart Growth Task Force, Institute of Transportation Engineers (


Howard M. Jennings Jr. (2014), “Providing Travel Choices for Vibrant Streets: Transportation Demand Management in Arlington, Virginia, USA,” ITE Journal, Vol. 84, No. 4, pp. 24-28; at


Jonathan Levine (2006), Zoned Out: Regulation, Markets, and Choices in Transportation and Metropolitan Land-Use, Resources for the Future (


Todd Litman (2001), What’s It Worth? Life Cycle and Benefit/Cost Analysis for Evaluating Economic Value, Presented at Internet Symposium on Benefit-Cost Analysis, Transportation Association of Canada (; at


Todd Litman (2003), “Measuring Transportation: Traffic, Mobility and Accessibility,” ITE Journal (,  Vol. 73, No. 10, October 2003, pp. 28-32, at


Todd Litman (2006), Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis Guidebook, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at


Todd Litman (2006), Planning Principles and Practices, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at This paper summarizes key principles and practices for effective land use and transportation planning.


Todd Litman (2006), Parking Management Best Practices, Planners Press (


Todd Litman (2006), Parking Management: Strategies, Evaluation and Planning, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at


Todd Litman (2006), Parking Taxes: Evaluating Options and Impacts, VTPI (; at


Todd Litman (2012), Evaluating Complete Streets: The Value of Designing Roads For Diverse Modes, Users and Activities, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at


Todd Litman (2013), Smart Congestion Relief: Comprehensive Analysis Of Traffic Congestion Costs and Congestion Reduction Benefits, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at; summary version titled, "Congestion Evaluation Best Practices" ( presented at the International Transportation Economic Development Conference (, 9-11 April 2014, Dallas, Texas.


Todd Litman (2013), “The New Transportation Planning Paradigm,” ITE Journal (, Vo. 83, No. 6, pp. 20-28; at


Todd Litman (2013), Toward More Comprehensive and Multi-modal Transport Evaluation, VTPI (; at; summarized in JOURNEYS, September 2013, pp. 50-58 (; at


Todd Litman (2014), Socially Optimal Transport Prices and Markets, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at A summary version, titled, “Economically Optimal Transport Prices and Markets: What Would Happen If Rational Policies Prevailed?” ( was presented at the International Transportation Economic Development Conference (, 9-11 April 2014, Dallas, Texas.


Todd Litman (2014), Are Vehicle Travel Reduction Targets Justified? Evaluating Mobility Management Policy Objectives Such As Targets To Reduce VMT And Increase Use Of Alternative Modes, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at A summary version, titled, “The Mobility-Productivity Paradox: Exploring The Negative Relationships Between Mobility and Economic Productivity,” ( was presented at the International Transportation Economic Development Conference (, 9-11 April 2014, Dallas, Texas.


Multimodal Benefit-Cost Analysis Tool ( is a free, web-based calculation system for comparing the costs and user benefits of individual transportation projects


Peter Newman and Jeff Kenworthy (1999), Sustainability and Cities; Overcoming Automobile Dependency, Island Press (Covelo;


NALGEP (2005), Clean Communities on the Move: A Partnership-Driven Approach to Clean Air and Smart Transportation, National Association of Local Government Environmental Professionals (NALGEP), (


NCS, Climate Protection Manual For Mayors, Natural Capital Solutions (, provides case studies, best practices, cost/benefit analyses, legislation, technical descriptions and contacts to facilitate local energy conservation and emission reduction planning and program implementation.

OUM (2001), TDM Success Stories, Washington State Department of Transportation (


Noxon Associates (2008), The Case For TDM In Canada: Transportation Demand Management Initiatives And Their Benefits – A Handbook For Practitioners, Association for Commuter Transportation of Canada (; at


Noxon Associates (2011), Transportation Demand Management for Canadian Communities: A Guide to Understanding, Planning and Delivering TDM Programs, Noxon Associates ( for Transport Canada (; at


NZTA (2010), Economic Evaluation Manual, Volumes 1 and 2, New Zealand Transport Agency (; at and


PPS (2000), How Transportation and Community Partnerships Are Shaping America; Part I: Transit Stops and Stations, Project for Public Spaces (; American Public Transportation Association, 1999; Part II: Streets and Roads, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, 2000.


Richard H. Pratt (1999-2009), Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes, Third Edition, TCRP Report 95, DOT-FH-11-9579, TRB (; at


PROSPECTS (2003), Transport Strategy: A Decisionmakers Guidebook, Konsult, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (; at


RAND (2008), Moving Los Angeles: Short-Term Transportation Policy Options for Improving Transportation, Rand Corporation (; at


Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) has 4 urban transportation success stories, summarized and referenced, at and 2 car use reduction successes, summarized and referenced, at


Rural Transport Knowledge Base (\Intro.htm) is a set of reference and training material of the latest thinking and practice in the field of rural transport.


SANDAG (2012), Integrating Transportation Demand Management Into the Planning and Development Process: A Reference for Cities, iCommute (, San Diego Regional Planning and HNTB; at


Marc Schlossberg, John Rowell, Dave Amos and Kelly Sanford (2013), Rethinking Streets: An Evidence-Based Guide to 25 Complete Street Transformations, University of Oregon's Sustainable Cities Initiative (; at


Judith Schwenk (1995), TransitChek in the New York City and Philadelphia Areas, Volpe Transportation Systems Centre, USDOT (


Karen E. Seggerman, Sara J. Hendricks and E. Spencer Fleury (2005), Incorporating TDM into the Land Development Process, National Center for Transportation Research, Center for Urban Transportation Research (


Sierra Club (2005), Healthy Growth Calculator: Where Do You Want to Live?, Sierra Club (


SGN (2002 and 2004), Getting To Smart Growth: 100 Policies for Implementation, and Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation, Smart Growth Network ( and International City/County Management Association (


Nancy Skinner and Stuart Cohen (1996), Commuting in the Greenhouse; Automobile Trip Reduction Programs for Municipal Employees, International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (


Jeffery J. Smith and Thomas A. Gihring (2003), Financing Transit Systems Through Value Capture: An Annotated Bibliography (Previously titled: Does Public Transit Service Raise Nearby Property Values Enough To Pay For Itself Were The Value Captured?), Geonomy Society (; at


TC (2009), Canadian Guidelines for the Measurement of Transportation Demand Management Initiatives User's Guide, Transport Canada (; at


Transportation Benefit-Cost Analysis Website (, Transportation Economics Committee, Transportation Research Board (


Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Resource Centre (


Transport Geography on the Web ( is an Internet resource to promote access to transport geography information, including articles, maps, figures, and datatsets.


Toolbox for Regional Policy Analysis Website ( by the US Federal Highway Administration, describes analytical methods for evaluating regional economic, social and environmental impacts of various transportation and land use policies.


UITP, Mobility in Cities Database (


USDOT (2010), Advancing Metropolitan Planning for Operations: The Building Blocks of a Model Transportation Plan Incorporating Operations - A Desk Reference, Planning for Operations, US Department of Transportation (; at


Tom Van Heeke, Elise Sullivan and Phineas Baxandall (2014), A New Course: How Innovative University Programs Are Reducing Driving On Campus  And Creating New Models For Transportation, U.S. Public Interest Research Group (; at


VREF (2014), Access and Mobility In Cities: The First Ten Years of the Future Urban Transport Program, Volvo Research and Education Foundation (; at


Future Urban Transport Research Programme ( by the Volvo Research and Educational Foundations works to contribute to the development of sustainable transportation systems.


Sustainable Mobility Project (, World Business Council on Sustainable Development ( includes 200 mobility case studies with brief descriptions and Internet links.


WHO, Case Studies On Sustainable Development 2004, World Health Organization (


Worksite Trip Reduction Model ( is an Internet-based computer model that can be used to predict the effects of a particular Commute Trip Reduction program.


World Bank, Urban Transport Group Case Studies, World Bank ( includes information on projects in the developing world, with summaries/abstracts and full texts.


World Bank (2000), Cities on the Move; A World Bank Urban Transport Strategy Review, World Bank, Urban Transport Section (


Lloyd Wright (2009), Environmentally Sustainable Transport For Asian Cities: A Sourcebook, United Nations Centre for Regional Development (; at




American Planning Association ( has extensive resources for community and transport planning.


America WALKs ( is a national advocacy coalition that promotes walking.


Association for Commuter Transportation ( is a non-profit organization supporting TDM programs. It has extensive resources for TDM planning and program development.


Best Workplaces for Commuters ( is a program sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Transportation to recognize employers that provide outstanding commuter benefits. The website has a variety of resources concerning various Commute Trip Reduction strategies.


Bureau of Transportation Statistics ( provides comprehensive transportation information.


Better Environmentally Sound Transportation (BEST) ( promotes alternative modes of travel throughout the Vancouver region.


The California Air Resources Board ( provides a variety of information about more efficient transportation and land use.


Carfree Cities Network (


Center of Excellence for Sustainable Development ( is a US Department of Energy program that supports more resource efficient development.


The Center for Livable Communities, which is part of the Local Government Commission (, provides practical tools for innovative land use and transportation planning.


The Center for Neighborhood Technology ( promotes public policies, new resources and accountable authority, which support sustainable, just and vital urban communities. They have innovative research on location-efficient mortgages.


Centre for Sustainable Transportation ( is a research institute with newsletter, research papers.


Center for a Sustainable Economy ( provides resources concerning tax shifting and environmental tax reform.


Center for Urban Transportation Research, USF ( provides TDM materials and classes and publishes TMA Clearinghouse Quarterly.


Citizen Planner Institute ( trains average citizens, public officials, business people, and kids in the basics of neighborhood and town design.


Commuter Challenge Program ( is a non-profit organization that provides businesses with expertise and support to create innovative solutions that reduce commute trips.


Commuter Check ( works with transit agencies to provide transit vouchers as tax-exempt employee benefit.


Congress for New Urbanism ( is a professional organization and information resource for New Urbanism community planning.


Conservation Law Foundation ( is an environmental organization that provides a variety of useful information on community and transportation planning.


Cutting Your Car Use Website ( provides information on ways that individuals can reduce personal automobile use.


Detour Publications ( is a non-profit, on-line bookstore that provides over 200 educational and how-to resources focusing on sustainable transportation, urban planning and climate change.


Department for Transport, United Kingdom, ( has extensive resources on transportation and land use planning, travel demand management, and traffic calming.


Earthscan ( publishes a variety of books on transport policy, environment and sustainable development.


Earth Track ( documents energy subsidies and market distortions.


Economic Development Research Group ( provides extensive information on economic evaluation methods.


Environment Canada Green Lane ( promotes TDM and other strategies for reducing transportation environmental impacts.


EU CORDIS Transport Projects ( includes a variety of research projects to promote more balanced transportation.


European Federation for Transport and Environment ( is Europe’s primary non-governmental organization campaigning on a European level for an environmentally responsible approach to transport. T&E is an umbrella organization of 36+ member organizations covering 20 countries.


European Local Transport Information Service (ELTIS) ( is an on-line guide to over 400 transportation measures, policies and practices in Europe. Search its extensive database via keywords or “transport concepts.” Abstracts link to full documents and web links.


European Program for Mobility Management ( provides resources for transportation demand management planning and program development.


European Transport Policy Information System Development ( provides information on strategic issues concerning infrastructure investments, forecasts, projects and policy impact assessments.


European Transport Pricing Initiatives ( includes various efforts to develop more fair and efficient pricing. Specific European transportation pricing projects are described below:


AFFORD ( is an evaluation of optimal transportation pricing policies.


CAPRI ( is disseminating research on transportation pricing.


CORDIS Project - Transport ( is a major European study of best practice in pricing and land use management policies to improve mobility and address energy and emission problems.


CUPID (Co-ordinating Urban Pricing Integrated Demonstrations), European Transport Pricing Initiative, Project No. GRD1-1999-10958, European Commission, Competitive and Sustainable Growth Programme (, November, 2001. 


ExternE ( involves research into external costs of transport.


IMPRINT ( is an effort to promote implementation of fair and efficient transport pricing.


PETS ( assesses current pricing of transport modes in European Union member countries.


TRACE ( provides costs of private road travel and their effects on demand, including short and long-term elasticities. Sponsored by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Transport.


TRENEN ( is an effort to develop models for transport, environment and energy.


UNITE ( involves transport cost accounting.



Eurostat ( provides statistical information on European countries, including vehicle ownership, personal and freight travel, population and income.


FCM (2008), Improving Travel Options with Transportation Demand Management (TDM), Centre for Sustainable Community Development, Federation of Canadian Municipalities (; at


Federal Transit Administration ( provides a variety of resources for transit planning, including extensive information on transit planning, and TDM Status Reports (


Geography Resources ( provides geography related news, books and web resources.


Go For Green ( has a variety of resources promoting alternative transportation.


Global Urban Sustainability Solutions Exchange (GUSSE) ( is an Internet resource for sharing urban sustainability information. International partners work together to curate thousands of existing online sources of sustainability information, similar to sites such as Wikipedia.


Information and Publicity Helping the Objective of Reducing Motorized Mobility (INPHORMM) ( is an organization that supports TDM marketing efforts.


Institute for Transportation Development Policy (ITDP) ( promotes sustainable and equitable transportation policies and projects worldwide.


The Institute of Transportation Engineers ( has extensive technical resources on TDM, transportation planning and traffic calming.


International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives ( provides tools to help communities become healthier and more environmentally responsible. Also see the Australian Travel Demand Management for Local Governments website (


International Institute for Highway Safety ( provides information on traffic crashes and safety strategies. 


International Network for Urban Development (INTA) ( is an international network promoting urban development best practices exchange.


International Union of Public Transport ( is an international organization that supports public transit.


It All Adds Up to Cleaner Air ( is a public information program sponsored by The Alliance for Clean Air and Transportation, a coalition of government and private organizations to raise awareness of the connection between transportation choices, traffic congestion, and air quality. 


Konsult: Knowledgebase on Sustainable Urban Land use and Transport ( and provides up-to-date information on the performance of a wide range of urban transport policy instruments.


Moving the Economy (, provides information on how to support economic development through more efficient transportation.


National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse ( provides extensive resources related to non-motorized transport planning and promotion.


National TDM and Telework Clearinghouse ( provides current information and resources on Transportation Demand Management and Telework programs. 


National Transportation Library ( has extensive resources, some of which are available to download, and others that can be ordered.


New Colonist (, a web magazine about urban living, provides information on New Urbanist and Smart Growth issues.


Partnership for a Walkable America ( promotes the benefits of walking and supports efforts to make communities more pedestrian friendly.


Planning for Sustainable Travel ( provides information on various planning strategies that create more efficient, accessible, multi-modal transportation systems.


Quality Information Center ( is an AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials) sponsored website to enable state highway and transportation agencies and other organizations involved in transportation to share information about their continuous quality improvement activities.


Rural Transport Knowledge Base (\Intro.htm) is a set of reference and training material of the latest thinking and practice in the field of rural transport.


San Francisco Planning and Urban Research (


Sierra Club Transportation Program ( provides information on transportation policies that can help protect the environment.


Smart Growth Network ( advocates land use policy reforms.


Surface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program ( provides research information in the area of Planning, Environment and Land Use.


Sustainable Transport in Europe And Links And Liaisons With America (STELLA) ( is a network to facilitate innovative transportation research between Europe and North America.


Surface Transportation Policy Project ( provides information and advocacy for more balanced transportation policies.


The SUSTRAN network ( promotes and popularises people-centred, equitable and sustainable transport, with a focus on Asia and the Pacific. Provides useful information on implementing TDM in developing countries.


Sustainable Development Online ( has information on sustainable development programs throughout the world.


Toolbox for Regional Policy Analysis Website ( by the US Federal Highway Administration, describes analytical methods for evaluating regional economic, social and environmental impacts of various transportation and land use policies.


Tools of Change ( website describes methods for promoting health and environmental citizenship.


TrafficLinq ( provides extensive Internet links related to traffic and transportation.


Transport Geography on the Web ( is an Internet resource to promote access to transport geography information, including articles, maps, figures, and datatsets.


Transport Resource Centre ( is a world-wide consortium of groups and individuals with specialist knowledge in the field of transport research.


Transportation Air Quality Center ( is a website of the USEPA Office of Transportation and Air Quality that provides information on market incentives for reducing transportation air emissions.


Transportation Association of Canada (Ottawa; provides a variety of resources related to transportation planning and TDM.


Transportation Control Measures Directory (\tcmsitei.nsf) is a U.S. EPA resource that provides a searchable database of TDM program case studies.


Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Database ( by Transport Canada, contains profiles and results for transportation management projects that foster energy efficiency, sustainable development, accessibility and increased productivity by influencing urban travel behaviours.


Transportation for Livable Communities ( provides transportation and land use planning resources to create more livable communities.


Transportation Planet ( seeks to educate viewers about the importance of balanced transportation using images of various transportation activities and services.


TransPriceProject ( is a major European project to investigate a trans modal, integrated pricing and financing regime for urban transport


Transportation Research Laboratory ( is the largest transportation research center in the UK.


Tri-State Transportation Campaign ( is an alliance of public interest, transit advocacy, planning and environmental organizations working to create more balanced transportation in the New York/New Jersey/Connecticut metropolitan region.


TravelSmart ( is a community-based program that encourages people to use alternatives to travelling in their private car.


UK Local Transport ( provides information on local planning resources to encourage more balanced transportation.


University of California Transportation Systems Center ( provides a wide range of research publications.


Urban Land Institute ( is a professional organization for developers that provides practical information on innovative development practices, including infill and sustainable community planning.


Value Pricing Homepage ( at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute for Public Policy, provides information on Value Pricing (Congestion Pricing) principles, resources and projects.


Victoria Transport Policy Institute ( provides resources for planning and evaluating TDM, bicycling and walking programs.


Walkable Communities ( helps create people-oriented environments.


Wisconsin DOT Internet Online Research Library (


World Bank, Urban Transport Group ( provides information on urban transportation policy reform.


World Health Organization Healthy Cities Project ( provides information on international efforts to create healthy cities.


Wit and Humor

Although neither had pilot training, Bob and Bill rented a private plane, confident that they could figure out how to control it on their own, due to their experience with computer flight simulators. They managed to take off, and were able to control it in the air just fine, but the touchdown was pretty rough. After they screeched to a stop Bob turned to Bill and said, “Boy, that’s a short runway!”


“Yes,” Bill agreed, “but look how wide it is!”


This Encyclopedia is produced by the Victoria Transport Policy Institute to help improve understanding of Transportation Demand Management. It is an ongoing project. Please send us your comments and suggestions for improvement.




Encyclopedia Homepage

Send Comments


Victoria Transport Policy Institute

1250 Rudlin Street, Victoria, BC,  V8V 3R7,  CANADA

Phone & Fax 250-360-1560

“Efficiency - Equity - Clarity”