TDM Resources

Publications and Websites


TDM Encyclopedia

Victoria Transport Policy Institute


Updated 6 September 2019

This chapter has information on publications and organizations that can help with Transportation Demand Management planning. More specific reference information is available for each individual TDM strategy.





ACCESS - Eurocities for a New Mobility Culture ( is a local authority network aiming to promote a new mobility culture throughout Europe, in order to combat congestion and improve air quality.

Association for Commuter Transportation ( is a non-profit organization supporting TDM programs.


Andrea Avni, et al. (2015), Literature Searches and Literature Reviews for Transportation Research Projects How to Search, Where to Search, and How to Put It All Together: Current Practices, Transportation Research Circular E-C194, Transportation Research Board (; at


Andrea Broaddus, Todd Litman and Gopinath Menon (2009), Training Document On "Transportation Demand Management, Sustainable Urban Transport Project ( and GTZ (


Sally Cairns, et al (2004), Smarter Choices - Changing the Way We Travel, UK Department for Transport (; at This comprehensive study provides detailed evaluation of the potential travel impacts and costs of various mobility management strategies. Includes numerous case studies.


CARB (2010-2014), Research on Impacts of Transportation and Land Use-Related Policies, California Air Resources Board (; at


Center for Transportation Excellence ( provide research materials, strategies and other resources for evaluating public transportation benefits.


Commuter Check ( works with transit agencies to provide transit vouchers as tax-exempt employee benefit.


Commuter Choice Webpage (, Federal Transit Administration.


Commuter Challenge Program ( provides businesses with expertise and support for Commute Trip Reduction programs.


Sisinnio Concas and Philip L. Winters (2007), Economics of Travel Demand Management: Comparative Cost Effectiveness and Public Investment, Center for Urban Transportation Research (, 2007; at


Despacio and ITDP (2013), Practical Guidebook: Parking And Travel Demand Management Policies In Latin America, Despacio and Institute for Transportation and Development Policy ( for the InterAmerican Development Bank; at


DFID, Social Benefits in Transport Planning, UK Department for International Development (, includes various documents discussing methodologies for more comprehensive transportation project evaluation.


European Program for Mobility Management ( is a network of governments in European countries that are engaged in Mobility Management.


FBC (2009), Transportation Demand Management: A Small and Mid-Size Communities Toolkit, Fraser Basin Council (; at


FHWA (2012), Integrating Demand Management into the Transportation Planning Process: A Desk Reference, Office of Operations, Federal Highway Administration (; at


FHWA, Toolbox for Regional Policy Analysis Website ( by the US Federal Highway Administration, describes analytical methods for evaluating regional economic, social and environmental impacts of various transportation and land use policies.


GOPR (2018), Technical Advisory on Evaluating Transportation Impacts in CEQA, Governor’s Office for Planning and Research, State of California (; at


GIZ (2003), Sustainable Transportation: A Sourcebook for Policy-Makers in Developing Countries, (, by the Sustainable Urban Transport Project – Asia ( and Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit ( Many of these documents are now available in various languages including Spanish, French, Chinese, Indonesian, Romanian, Thai and Vietnamese. The Mobility Management module is at the VTPI website ( Preserving and Expanding the Role of Non-motorized Transport: Sustainable Transportation is at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy website (


ICF Consulting and CUTR (2005), Analyzing the Effectiveness of Commuter Benefits Programs, TCTP Report 107, Transportation Research Board (; at


Howard M. Jennings Jr. (2014), “Providing Travel Choices for Vibrant Streets: Transportation Demand Management in Arlington, Virginia, USA,” ITE Journal, Vol. 84, No. 4, pp. 24-28; at


Todd Litman (2003), “Measuring Transportation: Traffic, Mobility and Accessibility,” ITE Journal (,  Vol. 73, No. 10, October 2003, pp. 28-32, at


Todd Litman (2006), Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis Guidebook, Victoria Transport Policy Institute (; at


Todd Litman (2013), “The New Transportation Planning Paradigm,” ITE Journal (, Vo. 83, No. 6, pp. 20-28; at


Todd Litman (2013), Toward More Comprehensive and Multi-modal Transport Evaluation, VTPI (; at; summarized in JOURNEYS, September 2013, pp. 50-58 (; at


Randy Machemehl, et al. (2013), Travel Demand Management Guidebook, TxDOT Project 6-0702, Center for Transportation Research, The University of Texas at Austin; at


MRSC (2014), Transportation Demand Management, Washington State Municipal Research and Services Center (; at This website provides a variety of information on TDM.


Multimodal Benefit-Cost Analysis Tool ( is a free, web-based calculation system for comparing the costs and user benefits of individual transportation projects


Noxon Associates (2011), Transportation Demand Management for Canadian Communities: A Guide to Understanding, Planning and Delivering TDM Programs, Noxon Associates ( for Transport Canada (; at


NZTA (2010-2018), Economic Evaluation Manual, Volumes 1 and 2, New Zealand Transport Agency (; at and


Richard H. Pratt (1999-2009), Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes, Third Edition, TCRP Report 95, DOT-FH-11-9579, TRB (; at


Rural Transport Knowledge Base (\Intro.htm) is a set of reference and training material of the latest thinking and practice in the field of rural transport.


SANDAG (2012), Integrating Transportation Demand Management into the Planning and Development Process: A Reference for Cities, iCommute (, San Diego Regional Planning and HNTB; at


Marc Schlossberg, John Rowell, Dave Amos and Kelly Sanford (2013), Rethinking Streets: An Evidence-Based Guide to 25 Complete Street Transformations, University of Oregon's Sustainable Cities Initiative (; at


SFPD (2018), TDM Menu of Options, San Francisco Planning Department (; at


SGN (2002 and 2004), Getting to Smart Growth: 100 Policies for Implementation, and Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation, Smart Growth Network ( and International City/County Management Association (


SSTI (2018), Modernizing Mitigation: A Demand-Centered Approach, State Smart Transportation Initiative and the Mayors Innovation Project ( This guidebook describes how to implement Transportation Demand Management (TDM) solutions to mitigate traffic impacts in particular situations.


TC (2009), Canadian Guidelines for the Measurement of Transportation Demand Management Initiatives User's Guide, Transport Canada (; at  


Texas A&M (2018), How To Fix Congestion, Texas A&M Transportation Institute (; at


The Transportation Cost-Savings Calculators ( includes the TDM Return on Investment Calculator (TDM ROI) helps users calculate vehicle trips and miles travelled reduced by their TDM programs and to calculate benefit-cost ratios or ROI, and the TRIMMS model 4.0 (Trip Reduction Impacts of Mobility Management Strategies) estimates the impacts of a broad range of TDM initiatives and provides program cost-effectiveness assessment, such as net program benefit and benefit-to-cost ratio analysis at an area-wide or site-specific level.


Transportation Benefit-Cost Analysis Website (, Transportation Economics Committee, Transportation Research Board (


Transport Geography on the Web ( is an Internet resource to promote access to transport geography information, including articles, maps, figures, and datatsets.


Urban Design 4 Health and AECOM (2016), Active Transportation Health and Economic Impact Study, Southern California Association of Governments (; at


USDOT (2010), Advancing Metropolitan Planning for Operations: The Building Blocks of a Model Transportation Plan Incorporating Operations - A Desk Reference, Planning for Operations, US Department of Transportation (; at


Future Urban Transport Research Programme ( by the Volvo Research and Educational Foundations works to contribute to the development of sustainable transportation systems.


Worksite Trip Reduction Model ( is an Internet-based computer model that can be used to predict the effects of a particular Commute Trip Reduction program.


WRI (2019), Reducing Demand for Vehicle Trips in Cities – Learning Guide, The City Fix (; at This short guide describes why and how cities can implement transportation demand management policies and programs.


WRI (2019), The Role of Companies in Improving Urban Mobility – Learning Guide, The City Fix (; at


Lloyd Wright (2009), Environmentally Sustainable Transport for Asian Cities: A Sourcebook, United Nations Centre for Regional Development (; at




American Planning Association ( has extensive resources for community and transport planning.


America WALKs ( is a national advocacy coalition that promotes walking.


Association for Commuter Transportation ( is a non-profit organization supporting TDM programs. It has extensive resources for TDM planning and program development.


The California Air Resources Board ( provides a variety of information about more efficient transportation and land use.


CAPRI ( disseminates research on transportation pricing.


The Center for Neighborhood Technology ( promotes public policies, new resources and accountable authority, which support sustainable, just and vital urban communities. They have innovative research on location-efficient mortgages.


Centre for Sustainable Transportation ( is a research institute with newsletter, research papers.


Center for Urban Transportation Research ( provides TDM materials and classes and publishes TMA Clearinghouse Quarterly.


Civitas ( is a network of cities dedicated to cleaner, better transport. Over 800 innovative urban transport measures and solutions in over 80 cities.


Congress for New Urbanism ( is a professional organization and information resource for New Urbanism community planning.


European Commission – Urban Mobility ( describes various EC policies and programs to increase urban transport efficiency.


EU CORDIS Transport Projects ( includes a variety of research projects to promote more balanced transportation.


European Local Transport Information Service (ELTIS) ( is an on-line guide to over 400 transportation measures, policies and practices in Europe. Search its extensive database via keywords or “transport concepts.” Abstracts link to full documents and web links.


European Program for Mobility Management ( provides resources for transportation demand management planning and program development.


Institute for Transportation Development Policy (ITDP) ( promotes sustainable and equitable transportation policies and projects worldwide.


International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives ( provides tools to help communities become healthier and more environmentally responsible.


International Union of Public Transport ( is an international organization that supports public transit.


National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse ( provides extensive resources related to non-motorized transport planning and promotion.


Rural Transport Knowledge Base (\Intro.htm) is a set of reference and training material of the latest thinking and practice in the field of rural transport.


Smart Growth Network ( advocates land use policy reforms.


Surface Transportation Policy Project ( provides information and advocacy for more balanced transportation policies.


Wit and Humor

Although neither had pilot training, Bob and Bill rented a private plane, confident that they could figure out how to control it on their own, due to their experience with computer flight simulators. They managed to take off, and were able to control it in the air just fine, but the touchdown was pretty rough. After they screeched to a stop Bob turned to Bill and said, “Boy, that’s a short runway!”


“Yes,” Bill agreed, “but look how wide it is!”


This Encyclopedia is produced by the Victoria Transport Policy Institute to help improve understanding of Transportation Demand Management. It is an ongoing project. Please send us your comments and suggestions for improvement.




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